Ebola is a deadly and rare disease. Ebola may cause disease in humans and nonhuman primates. Ebola results from infection with a virus of those family Filoviridae, genus Ebolavirus. There are five recognized Ebola virus species, four of which would be known to cause disease in humans.
Reston virus, the 5th, has caused disease in non-human primates, but not in humans. Ebola viruses are found in many nations. In what the Democratic Republic of the Congo Ebola was first discovered. Since that time, outbreaks have appeared sporadically in Africa.
Ebola virus reservoir host remains unknown. On the basis of signs and the nature of viruses that are comparable, researchers believe that bats are the reservoir and that the virus is animal.
Four of the 5 virus strains occur in a creature host native. Source: CDC1-. Back to Ebola-. Marburg and ebolaviruses cause hemorrhagic fevers in humans and nonhuman primates. Five species within the genus ebolavirus, Sudan ebolavirus, Zaire ebolavirus, Bundibugyo ebolavirus, and Tai Forest ebolavirus.
Nations with confirmed cases of Ebola hemorrhagic fever include the Republic of Cote d’Ivoire, the Congo, the Democratic Republic of those Congo, Gabon, Sudan, Uganda, Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Nigeria. By June, cases were reported in all 3 nations, and across many districts. The epidemic is the Largest and most complicated Ebola outbreak ever reported.
As of Feb 2015, additional cases have occurred in Nigeria, Senegal, Mali, Spain, those UK, and the US After the importation of infected people from West Africa.
CDC confirmed on Sept 30, 2014, those first laboratory-confirmed case of Ebola to be diagnosed in those US in an individual who’d traveled from West Africa, this resulted in a secondary transmission to two US healthcare workers who cared for those index patient.
Several patients have also already been evacuated to Europe and the USA. Genetic analysis of the virus indicated which it was 97% identical to Zaire ebolavirus formerly recognized in those Democratic Republic of Congo and Gabon.
For the most current info on this outbreak, visit www.cdc.gov\/vhf\/ebola\/outbreaks\/guinea\/index.html. Ebola Reston virus is said to be endemic in those Philippines and potentially in neighboring nations, but hasn’t been shown to cause human disease.
Nations with confirmed human cases of Marburg hemorrhagic fever include Uganda, Kenya, the Democratic Republic of those Congo, Angola, and maybe Zimbabwe.
Source: CDC Yellow Book 2016 2-. Ebola and Marburg – Ebola and Marburg hemorrhagic fevers would be severe viral diseases that frequently lead to serious illness and death in humans along with other primates.