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Gynecology – Endometriosis (Endometriosis)

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Gynecology - Endometriosis (Endometriosis)

From puberty, women become mature and have ovulation. When the egg is not combined with sperm, the endometrium appears to periodically fall off, forming menstrual blood. When part of the cells are outside the uterus, the endometrium is ectopic.

Symptoms

when endometrial tissue builds up, it will make patients have abdominal pain, bloating, bladder pain, back pain and other phenomena, many patients will be mistaken for just general neglect of the phenomenon of menstrual pain, until the time of check-up for an ultrasound scan was only through a doctor Find. About 15% of women suffer from “endometriosis.” Laparoscopy can be used to diagnose “endometriosis” under anesthesia, but unfortunately about 25% of endometriosis can not be diagnosed by laparoscopy.

Causes

When a woman has endometriosis, the cervix may be blocked, so when the menstrual blood and endometrial tissue are excreted, it is likely to flow back and accumulate in certain parts, such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and even the rectum. These endometrial tissues continue to proliferate, and the accumulated menstrual blood also forms blood tumors.

Do it yourself

However, you can take appropriate painkillers when you have pain.

Treatment

The patient can receive the standard GnRH agonist treatment for six months. Injection of hormones can cause the endometrium to contract, which can reduce abdominal distension, abdominal pain and other phenomena, but it may also bring some side effects such as dizziness, vomiting, etc., which is a cure for the symptoms.

Surgery

To remove abnormal endometrial tissue, it must be examined with a laparoscope and then surgically removed. However, because some endometrial tissue is very concealed and not easily detectable, the chance of recurrence of this disease is high. When the volume of hematoma formed by the accumulated menstrual blood roughly affects other functions of the body, it is surgically removed.

Pregnancy
After pregnancy, the placenta in the uterus produces placenta; placenta can replace the hormones of the ovaries, thereby controlling the body’s metabolism, which can also cause abnormal endometrial tissue to shrink. On the other hand, after the birth of a woman, the cervix is ​​enlarged, which makes the menstrual blood flow more smoothly and reduces the chance of backflow.
Prevention It is

Found that less and less menstrual blood flow, accompanied by menstrual pain, should go to the doctor for examination. Early detection of endometriosis can be cured by medication.